The practice of using medicinal plants for treating diabetes in Bangladesh is deeply rooted in the country. Even today, it is one of the essential parts of healthcare for the people of Bangladesh. Recently, a dramatic increase in cases of diabetes mellitus across the nation has brought it to the focus of individuals and also health experts. Thus, an ethnobotanical study was carried out for identifying the conventional medicinal plants used for treating diabetics in Bangladesh. The study was also carried out for assessing the anti-diabetic potentials of medicinal plants.
Treating Diabetes In Bangladesh: Procedures Of The Study
Bangladesh speaks of a sub-tropical climate with low-lying landmass. The nation has lots of fertile soil. It also serves as home to rare ecosystems like Sunderban mangrove forests. People practice cultivation widely in this country, considering the high population and also fertile plains available. The use of traditional medicine in the country is an exclusive blend of varied ethnomedical impacts.
Because of its sociocultural features and geographic location, Bangladesh has conventionally rooted medicines. It advocates the use of conventional medicine for the treatment of diabetes mainly because of its well-established and inexpensive health solutions.
The ethnobotanical study included urban and also rural regions across the nation. They selected sixty-three individuals randomly from these urban and also rural regions. They gave interview about the use and also administration of medicinal plants for the treatment of diabetes. These individuals were generally diabetic patients and health professionals who made use of medicinal plants.
Diabetes In Bangladesh: Results Of The Study
The study concluded that around 37 different medicinal plants coming from 25 families were in extensive use for treating diabetics in Bangladesh. The plants in this category included Momordica charantia, Terminalia chebula, Azadirachta indica, Coccinia indica, Ficus racemosa, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Swietenia mahagoni, and Syzygium cumini. All these plants have been duly studied and analyzed for bringing forth their benefits in treating diabetes.
Data Type And Data Collection
The main objective of the study was to identify conventional medicinal plants that could help in treating diabetes in Bangladesh. The interviewees spoke in the Bengali language while giving answers to semi-structured questions. They recorded the responses of the interviewees. A complete questionnaire was put in place for gathering information on the education and also social status of the interviewee.
Moreover, the researchers interviewed only those individuals who had some basic knowledge of diabetes and the different plants used for treating the disease.
The researchers recorded the local names and also took photographs of the medicinal plants mentioned by the interviewees. They also requested the informants to collect or show the plants they used for treating their condition. The botanists dried and also stored the documented samples and plants.
Available data in regards to the anti-diabetic effects of detected medicinal plants is not enough for evaluating or recommending their usage adequately. It is essential to carry out clinical intervention research for providing proper evidence for the effective and also safe use of these plants in the treatment of diabetes.