Bipolar Disorder: Everything You Need To Know

Everything You Need To Know About Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder can basically be defined as an illness affecting your mental abilities. The affected person may witness extreme mood shifts. Moreover, the patient can also observe chronic mental illness called mania. Some patients may also suffer from depression due to bipolar disorder. Experts have also given it the name of the bipolar disease or manic depression.

Some Facts Related To Bipolar Disorder

Everything You Need To Know About Bipolar Disorder
Everything You Need To Know About Bipolar Disorder

Contrary to what some people tell you, bipolar disorder is not a rare one. In fact, as per recent research, 2.8 percent of the population of the United States has been diagnosed with this problem. Moreover, the average age when a person begins to show the symptoms is 25 years of age. In addition, a patient may suffer bouts of depression which may last for about 2 weeks.

Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder

Though there are many minor symptoms associated with this form of the disorder, experts often talk about 3 main symptoms. These include:

  • Hypomania;
  • Mania;
  • Depression.


Hypomania symptoms may lead to trouble in concentration at work, or at school. The patient may also suffer from social awkwardness. Moreover, patients may observe problems in their behaviors during hyper mania.

Everything You Need To Know About Bipolar Disorder
Everything You Need To Know About Bipolar Disorder


Mania is a condition when the affected person may feel an emotional high which has no explanation. The patient feels full of energy and excitement and even impulsiveness. Moreover, such patients may even engage in drug usage, unprotected sex, and shopping sessions.


Though depression may be caused due to various reasons, it is also one of the major symptoms of bipolar disorder. During depression, the patient may feel hopelessness, too much or too less of sleep, thoughts of committing suicide, sadness, loneliness, etc.

Types Of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorders can be classified into three main types. These are:

  • Bipolar I;
  • Bipolar II;
  • Cyclothymia

Bipolar I

This type of bipolar disorder is marked by the presence of at least one maniac episode in the patient. Moreover, the hypomanic or depressive episodes can also occur in a patient before and after the mania episode.

Bipolar II

These kinds of patients experience a major depressive episode which can last for up to 2 weeks. Moreover, these patients can also suffer from a hypomanic episode which can occur for at least 4 days.


People suffering from Cyclothymia witness sessions of both depression and hypomania. The symptoms of this kind of disorder are less severe and also occur for less time period.

Causes Behind Bipolar

Though bipolar is a common mental disorder but it is still no less than a mystery. The reason is that experts are still not able to decide on what causes this disorder in some people.

However, there are still some possible causes which are:

Brain Structure

As per recent research, the presence of some abnormalities in your brain structure may result in the development of this disorder.


Genetics can also play an imperative role in the development of this disorder. If your parents or grandparents have been suffering from this disorder, you are also most likely to develop it. However, it is not always 100 percent correct.

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