Hand and mouth disease is a highly contagious virus infecting the young ones especially. It is characterized by rashes on hand and feet’s and soreness in the insides of the mouth. It usually infects the children’s right from a young age of 1 to adults caused mostly by a virus named coxsackievirus. This virus can spread person to person direct contact, stools, saliva or respiratory secretions.
Hand Foot Mouth Disease Symptoms:
The symptoms are visible post 3 to 4 days from the contraction of the virus. A typical progression of symptoms is marked in this disease
- Rashes or small non-itchy blisters on hands, feet’s and buttocks.
- Mouth soreness or blisters in the insides like gums, tongue, inner cheek or oral cavity.
- Loss of appetite.
- A rise in body temperature(99 to 102 degrees)
The only cause of contraction is direct contact with an infected person, the symptoms usually appear post 3 days from contraction.
It is usually diagnosed post 3-4 days from the contraction of a disease.
It starts with a low-grade fever and gradual appearance of small, flat oval red blisters or rashes all over hands and feet’s. The trunk area is almost clear. Lastly, red sores appear on the insides of the mouth making it difficult to swallow food.
Any pediatrician or doctor can diagnose the disease easily on appearance. However, he may as well take a stool sample or throat swab to test for the virus.
Children’s might be irritated and fussy and deny having food as the mouth ulcers or sores can be hurtful. There is no specific medicine course for hand foot and mouth disease, although fever and pain can be managed with the help of pain reliever drugs or fever reducers. The good thing about this disease is your immune system fights with the virus on its own and doesn’t require any medicine to recover.T
This disease runs its course over a period of 7 to 10 days and heals on its own. However, you make use over the counter products and medicine to comfort and lessen the pain of an infected person
- You may consult your doctor to prescribe medicines for fever and mild pain.
- Medicines or mouth gels are available to sooth the ulcers or blisters inside the mouth and make swallowing food possible.
- Apply calamine lotion for rashes on hands and feet’s.
- Offer more of liquids so ease digestion and prevent dehydration.
- Dress in light cotton clothes.
- Apply coconut oil on blisters.
- Rest is the best cure
- Offer cold treats to soothe ulcers and bring down the temperature.
- Avoid citrus, spicy, salty or oily food.
- Offer light semi-liquid food that is easy to swallow
- Avoid hot food, rather offer cool food or yogurts popsicles.
This disease is highly contagious and can easily be passed on with any form of direct contact with the infected person.
It is infectious a few days before the appearance of symptoms and can be easily passed through poop, cough sneeze or contact with unclean hands of an infected person.
To Prevent It From Spreading:
- Wash your hands often with soap solution like Dettol and apply sanitizer as often as you can.
- Cover your face when you cough or sneeze
- Wash your hands immediately if you happen to come in contact with an infected person.
- Avoid sharing personal belongings like towel, brush, spoon, plates or glasses.
- Regularly disinfect any frequently touched toys or surfaces if an infected person is in the house to prevent spread.
- Change bed sheets every day
- Keep your kid away from nursery or schools for 5 days post symptoms
There are no vaccinations present to prevent the contraction of this harmless disease. Although there is no life-threatening risk it is best to avoid contact with an infected person.