Medicinal plants and uses which you should know

A hand holding a piece of broccoli

Medicinal plants are one of the most convenient and our go-to remedies for many common ailments, some of us are aware of their uses, some aren’t.  They can be defined as plants that possess therapeutic properties and/or lead to a beneficial medicinal effect on humans.


A close up of a plant

Aloe (scientific name: aloe vera) is a plant with bright green leaves and tiny spikes on the edges, it is most commonly used to treat skin ailments as antimicrobial agents provide it with the ability to fight, eliminate infections; but it has an abundance of other uses as well.

The gel of the plant can be used to treat sores, and particularly burns, including sunburn and can reduce the time of healing by 9 days as compared to conventional medication.

Pure aloe vera juice can be used for dental problems, particularly building up of bacteria. It has been proven as effective as conventional medicine in killing the plaque-producing bacterium


A close up of a flower

Basil (scientific name: Ocimum basilicum) generally has culinary uses. It also contains a plethora of vitamins and minerals, as well as antioxidants such as lutein, beta-carotene which lead to its health benefits. The antioxidants help to fight free radicals in the body that can otherwise lead to cell damage and fatal diseases.

Recent researches have also shown that basil helps reduce mental health problems;  It has compounds that can help to alleviate anxiety, depression and increase the ability to think clearly.

Devil’s pepper 

Devil’s pepper (scientific name: rauvolfia) is a root that’s used to make medicine. The chemical in it is the same as in a prescription drug called Reserpine which is used for high blood pressure.

It is also an ayurvedic medicine for mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and anxiety; It contains also chemicals that help in lowering blood pressure, kill cancer cells and bacteria, and help with brain function. In countries such as the U.S. and Canada, it is also used in a few workout supplements. This, in a specific combination with 2 other herbs is also said to help with insomnia. However, self dosage isn’t recommended.


Mint (scientific name: mentha), although generally used as a refresher in drinks or after a meal, carries many health benefits. The leaves act as a mild astringent agent that helps tone skin naturally, it clears off the dead cells, removes the dirt from the pores and revamps the skin. It also triggers the gall bladder that causes the release of extra bile which is important because it helps the body to digest fat. Menthol, a component of mint, acts as a natural nasal decongestant and subjectively improve nasal breathing; the essential oils help in providing some relief from cold, flu.


In the current medicinally advanced world that we live in, we often tend to forget that nature has provided us with natural remedies for certain things. Traditionally there are a lot of herbs used for ailments related to different seasons, there is a need to promote them to save human lives.

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