Medicinal Plants Lists Include Several Popular Plants

medicinal plants lists

The first four volumes of the Cross-Name Index to Medicinal Plants has been published by Betzalel Ambar as a source of information on medicinal plants in Pakistan and the rest of the world. This new volume presents more than 14,000 common names in over 100 languages, botanical dialects and geographic areas for more than 1,900 medicinal plants utilized in Indian traditional medicine. Both common and scientific names are cross-referenced to each other for greater detail. It is hoped that this comparative study will assist medical students in their curricula development.

Cross-name Index

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The Cross-Name index distinguishes between medicinal plant species, varieties and forms by using letters that indicate how the plant species is related to other plants in the same category, such as “Acor”, “Dioscorea”, “Erigeron” etc., or by using letters indicating that the plant is part of a large class or in another family such as “Faviola”. Many modern and hybrid varieties have been created through cross-breeding. These new and improved products, when used for treatment, are often preferred over their traditional equivalents due to better tolerance levels.

Forms And Varieties

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The present day’s medicinal plants are an ever expanding family with thousands of forms and varieties. The scope of medicinal plants is so vast that it would be difficult to mention them all. Some families, for example, include “Resonatoridae”, containing rattletopodiums and apothecary. “Cattleyea”, containing cattle beans and the family of “Arthropods” includes parasitic insects, aphids, brickets and mealy bugs. “Sally Moragne”, a perennial herb with multihued leaves, flowers and fruit is a “Desmodium” family member. All Desmodium members are members of the fungi family, some are also biochemicals, algae and other living things.

Medicinal Plants Of India

The medicinal plants of India are classified into the following: Amaryllis, Astragalus, Avena sativa, Cissampelos, Cryptocoryne beticeps, Equisetum officinale, Galactogma sylvestre, Gotu Kola, Labiatae, Malayan rue, Pterocarpus santalinus, Rhododendron, Sophora (root), Silcea leucotomosa, and Trifolium pratense. Each of these plants has a variety of common names, depending upon the region of India where they are grown. For example, Astragalus is known as “ashes” or “ash” in the west, “bitter gourds” in the east, and “turban” in south. Cissampelos is called “sauvignon” or even “sauvignon Blanc”. And the plant species Cryptocoryne is known as the “wild onion” or the “wild onion weed”. Each of the medicinal plants has a unique history as well as a colorful history in India.


In the modern times, the medicinal plant species used for the treatment of various diseases and medical conditions are being improved upon by researchers. An example of this is the recent discovery of the Ayurvedic herb, Brahmi. This Ayurvedic herb is currently being studied for its potential use in the treatment of cancer. Researchers have discovered that this plant species is a potent inhibitor of the prostrate tumor marker, AChE. Because of this study, it is being included in the Indian Ministry of Health’s Plant List.

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