Root of Lung – A General Discussion


Root of Lung

Introduction:

A vase of flowers sitting on a table

The root of the lung is a group of structures that emerge at the hilum of each lung, just above the middle of the mediastinal surface and behind the cardiac impression of the lung. It is nearer to the back (posterior border) than the front (anterior border). The lung is the organ that is responsible for filtering out micro- particulates from the air. It also helps to regulate the oxygen levels in the blood. The lungs are a vital part of our respiratory system and they allow us to breathe properly. The name, lung, is derived from the Latin word for ‘lobe’.

Explanation:

A person standing next to a forest

Just like any organ in the human body, the lungs are susceptible to disease. When someone has a cold, it’s usually because they have caught an infection of some sort that has spread to their respiratory system and resulted in inflammation. One of the most common types of infections that affect our lungs is viruses. Normally, viruses do not stay long in our bodies because our immune systems act fast enough to get rid of them before they can cause too much damage. However, when your immune system is weakened or you suppress it (by taking drugs/not exercising etc), you become more susceptible to viral diseases like colds or flu.

Our bodies combat viral infections by using antibodies to inject viruses with proteins that can destroy them. However, some people are born with a lack of these antibodies, called Immunoglobulin A (IgA). When someone is born without enough IgA, they become more susceptible to lung infections. In fact, they have a greater risk of being infected with any virus that enters their respiratory system.

No cure for the lack of Antibodies:

There is no cure for the lack of IgA antibodies, but there are organisms in nature that have been used to treat infections since ancient times. One such organism is a fungus called ‘ergot’, which is found on wild grasses and cereals. Ergot was well-known for its ability to combat parasites, fungi, and bacteria. It was also known to reduce pain levels in patients with nerve diseases like erysipelas ( In Ancient Greece erysipelas were believed to be caused by snakes or poisonous plants).

Effect of ‘Ergot’:

During the early 20th century there were many studies done on the effect of ‘ergot’ on biological organisms. Scientists observed that when it was injected into lab mice, their IgE levels increased considerably, probably because it prevented IgA from being destroyed by viruses. This led to human trials being conducted with what turned out to be a fungus called Piptoporus betulinus, or larch bracket fungus.

Larch bracket fungus is reported to have anti-tumour activity and is used in cancer research. It is also an immunomodulatory strengthen, one that can the immune system in patients who need to enhance immune function for fighting diseases like AIDS or chronic inflammation conditions like Lupus. So when scientists observed that larch bracket fungus boosted IgE levels in lab mice, they decided to see what effect it had on human beings.

Conclusion:

The lung is the organ that is responsible for filtering out micro- particulates from the air. It also helps to regulate the oxygen levels in the blood. The lungs are a vital part of our respiratory system and they allow us to breathe properly.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter