Salt Diet May Lead To A Cognitive Decline says new research. There is protein tau present in the body. A diet that has a high salt content destabilizes this protein and leads to dementia.
Dr. Faraco, along with his team, has mentioned in their paper that too much salt intake can lead to poor cerebrovascular function. It is for this reason that a person who takes a higher amount of salt is more likely to suffer from dementia.
This Is Why Salt Diet May Lead To A Cognitive Decline
The question that a lot of people may ask is why excessive salt can increase the chances of dementia. This is because salt increases the production of a particular molecule that increases the inflammation in the body. This molecule is interleukin, and it prevents the brain cell from producing nitric oxide. This nitric oxide helps in the widening of the blood vessels. It, therefore, allows the blood to flow. If the amount of nitric oxide reduces in the blood, then there will be restrictions in the flow of blood. Dr Faraco has also added that if you consume too much sodium, even then, you might face the same problem. It will reduce the production of nitric oxide, which may finally prevent the flow of blood. This leads to dementia.
How Did The Researchers Find Out That Tau And Not The Blood Flow Leads to Dementia
For experimentation, the researchers fed a male mouse, which is 8 years old, a diet rich in sodium. They also did the same thing with a female mouse that was 4-36 weeks old. The scientists performed three tests on them. The first test was molecular studies, the second was cerebrovascular, and the third was the behavioral study. These experiments revealed that the low amount of nitric oxide affected the tau protein levels in the brain. The production of a lesser amount of nitric oxide was due to the salt diet.
If there is too much tau protein, then that leads to Alzheimer’s. Tau also supports individual neurons. They do this by stabilizing the structures that you call microtubules. These usually transport the nutrients to the neurons, dendrites as well as axons. These are also a part of the scaffolding, cytoskeleton that mostly supports the neurons. If the Tau becomes unstable and comes out of the cytoskeleton, it is then that the problem occurs.
Apart from diseases like dementia, other conditions are the result of excess salt in your diet. It is, therefore, crucial for you to reduce the amount of salt intake. It is also essential to understand that too much of anything, including salt, are not suitable for you. It is, therefore, crucial for you to consume only that much salt without which your food would taste bland.