Why Study Of Plants Is Significant


study of plants

Botany is the study of multicellular, living organisms, which carry out photosynthesis by taking in carbon dioxide from the air and fixing it into a starch-like substance called chloroplast. As a subdivision of zoology, botany is sometimes also known as animal biology or plant horticulture. Botany comprises a vast array of scientific disciplines that study the physiology, structure, distribution, growth, development, metabolism, reproduction, climate and species of plants. Botanists and phytochemistry also participate in the study of plants.

Plants Have Very Few Immune System Cells According To Study Of Plants

A tree covered in snow

Plant growth is a complex process driven by changes in the availability of specific nutrients, space and time, and by lateral gene transfer between related organisms. At the molecular level, genetic information controls the development and productivity of living things. In fact, DNA is responsible for the building of the hereditary material, which is passed on from one generation to the other. Plants are amongst the first animals to evolve from DNA. They are equipped with a genetic memory that ensures that they reproduce only the same traits that their ancestors enjoyed. This ensures that an individual plant may appear highly variable from another even from very similar species.

In comparison to other animals, plants have very few immune system cells and very low capacity for protein synthesis. Because of this, most pathogenic viruses and bacteria have been unable to colonize and infect living things. Apart from having a slow growth rate, most plants’ life cycle enables them to recover from damage and disease quickly, relying on a self-repressive property known as the activation process.

Plants Are Classified Into Three General Categories

A book sitting on top of a bookshelf

Plants are classified into three general categories according to the degree of their dependence on sunlight: Photosynthetic, Anaerobic and Terrestrial. All plants grow because of the energy provided by light. Photosynthesis involves the conversion of light into food, thus, plants are said to be photosynthetic if they use up the energy they obtain from the sun to manufacture food. Examples of photosynthetic organisms are the photosynthetic bacteria that can be found in green algae and the protests that are present in many rock formations.

Photosynthesis does not only involve the plants themselves but also various types of algae, with each having their own specific characteristic that enables them to obtain food. Algae do not use up food through the photosynthetic process but rather the process is carried out by some algae relatives such as the Sacoglossa. These algae are part of the fungi family. Fungi are very important since they provide a habitat where many other types of microorganisms can flourish, forming a complex ecosystem. A good example of fungi is the mould.

Algae And Fungi Both Need A Suitable Environment To Breed And Grow

The study of fungi and plants therefore goes hand in hand. Algae and fungi both need a suitable environment in which to breed and grow. This environment is typically at the molecular level. It is here that botanists come into play. They are used by ecologists to track ecological relationships at the molecular level and to determine the productivity of a particular environment.

The study of plants and fungi is also important in the field of agriculture. In fact, it is part of the core curriculum of most agricultural institutions. The study of plant life is crucial for farmers, since they rely heavily on these plants to produce food. Without the assistance of botanists, farmers would face a lot of difficulty in maintaining their records of crops, records of livestock and construction plans. Therefore, without a botany degree, you will find it hard to get a decent job in the agricultural sector.

Summing Up

Botany has been around for centuries. Today, this branch of zoology has experienced a resurgence in popularity due to the many public interest it has gained in recent years. More people are now interested in the subject, and they are keen to join up and study plants in all their aspects. If you have an interest in studying botany, you will be able to take advantage of this increased demand and achieve your academic goals.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter